Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. The first, Fuchsia triphylla, having bright orange blooms ,was discovered on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) about 1696–1697 by the French Minim monk and botanist, Charles Plumier, during his third expedition to the Greater Antilles.
In 1703 Father Plumier published information on this new plant under the name of FUCHSIA TRIPHYLLIA Flora COCCINEA, (Three leafed flowering plant with red berries.) He named the new genus after the renowned 16th Century German botanist and physician Leonhart Fuchs. Fuchs was the author of an early “Herbal” manuscript which included high-quality drawings/woodcuts as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for.
Throughout the Nineteenth Century, plant-collecting fever spread throughout Europe and the United States. Many species of numerous genera were introduced, some as living plants, others as seed and Fuchsia became enormously popular during that era.
Phillip Munz in his A Revision of the Genus Fuchsia (1943) repeats the story that the fuchsia was first introduced into England by a sailor who grew it in a window where it was observed by a nurseryman from Hammersmith, a Mr. Lee, who succeeded in buying it and propagating it for the trade. This was supposedly either one of the short-tubed species such as Fuchsia magellanica or Fuchsia coccinea.
The color fuchsia was first introduced as the color of a new aniline dye called fuchsine, patented in 1859 by the French chemist Francois-Emmanuel Verguin. The dye was renamed magenta later in the same year, to celebrate a victory of the French army at the Battle of Magenta on June 4, 1859, near the Italian city of that name.The first recorded use of fuchsia as a color name in English was in 1892. On computer screens, red and blue light combined at full intensity produce fuchsia or magenta. The two web colors are identical, and have the same hex code, FF00FF.